(i)discount allowed means the discount which is given by a seller to the buyer. While discount received means the discount received by the seller for purchases made
(ii)Discount allowed is that amount which is given by our company to others while discount received is that amount which is received by our company from others.
(i)Petty cash book
(iii)Returns outwards book
(iv)Sales returns book
(v)Purchase day book or journal
(i)An item that is entered on the wrong side of the trial balance.
(ii)An item can be omitted from the trial balance.
(i)Error of omission
(ii)Error of compensation
(iii)Error of principle
Preference shares:-Preference shares are shares in a company that are owned by people who have the right to receive part of the company’s profits before the holders of ordinary shares are paid. They also have the right to have their capital repaid if the company fails and has to close.
(2ii)Goodwill:-Goodwill is an intangible asset that arises when a buyer acquires an existing business.The goodwill amounts to the excess of the “purchase consideration” (the money paid to purchase the asset or business) over the total value of the assets and liabilities.
Three column cashbook:-Three column cashbook is the book of original Entry which is used to record all cash received and payment. It is usually a column or sometimes a bank column only.The cash book can be divided into two sides;Debit (Dr) sides and Credit (Cr)sides.
bank reconciliation statement:-Bank reconciliation statement is a process that explains the difference on a specified date between the bank balance shown in an organization’s bank statement, as supplied by the bank and the corresponding amount shown in the organization’s own accounting records.
Depreciation :-Depreciation can be defined as a reduction in the economic service potential of an asset as a result of wears,tears,usage and passage of time. When fixed assets are sold ,the part of cost are recovered is termed depreciation
(i)Single column cash book
(ii)Double column cash book
(iii)Three column cash book
(iv)Petty cash book
Bad debt are those debt that cannot be recovered ie irrecoverable debts.such a debt must be written off from the debtor balance so that the accounts will not give a false picture
Provision for bad debts is an estimated amount set aside for doubtful debts which cannot be accurately calculated.The provision must be charged to the profit and loss as expenses and deducted from the debtors balance in the balance sheet
(i)When payment is stopped by owner before encashment
(ii)When a postdate cheque is presented earlier than the date written on it
(iii)When the cheque is more than six months from the date written on it
(iv)When the bank has notice of the death of the drawer before the cheque is presented
(v)When the court declares the drawer bankrupt before the cheque is presented
(vi)when the signature on the cheque differ from the one on the signature card at the bank /irregular signature
(vii)when there is an alteration on the cheque and the alterations is not initiated by the drawer
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