Completed ANIMAL-HUSBANDRY-ANSWERS! (3a) (i) Controlling traffic in and around livestock area (ii) By sanitising boots (iii) By proper handling of tools and work clothing (iv) By rendering the host insusceptible
(3b) (i) Animal factor eg contact with one another (ii) Client factor (iii) Environmental factor (iv) Veterinarian factor
(3ci) (i) It causes stress in animal cause by bite (ii) It leads to loss of blood which can result to death (iii) It also leads to loss of production eg poor meat and hide(skin) quality
(3cii) (i) By application of acaricides directly to the animal host (ii) By applying tick grease, oil or dripping compound (iii) By applying pyrethroid insecticides
(3d) (i) Dyhdration (ii) Mild depression (iii) Loss of weight (iv) Decrease in appetite =============================
(5bi) (i)Inventory record (ii)Sales record (iii)Production record (iv)Purchase record
(5bii) (i)For farm auditing (ii)For procurement of loan (iii)Wheather profit or loss is made (iv)For taking management decision
(5ci) (i) consumption of feed (ii) preying farm animals (iii) destroying plastic equipment
(5cii) (i)Use of snap traps (ii)use of glue board (iii)use of rodenticide =============================
(4a) Malnutrition is the condition in which an animal shows evidence of nutritional deficiency as a result of improper feeding. In other words It occurs when an animal takes in an insufficient quantity of feed.
(4b) (i) Weeding: – To aid good fertility of forage crops – To ensure balanced ration (ii) Control burning: – To conserve soil fertility – To eradicate insect pest (iii) Irrigation: – To aid growth of forage – To increase moisture content (iv) Fertilisation application: – To aid fertility – To increase quality of grasses and legumes (v) Liming: – To reduce acidity of soil – To aid growth
(4c) (i) Formation of bones and teeth (ii)Repair of cells and tissues
(2ai) (i) Increases population of desirable breed (ii) Genetic diversity of animals is increased (iii) Introduced breed can bring about rapid improvement of local breed
(2aii) (i) It can lead to loss of species variety. (ii)It does not have control over genetic mutations. (iii)It brings about discomfort to animals.
(2b) (i) Linebreeding (ii) Outcrossing (iii) Inbreeding (iv) Self-pollination
(2c) (i)crop plants with better yields. (ii)ornamental plants with particular flower shapes and colours. (iii)farm animals that produce more, better quality meat or wool. (iv)dogs with particular physiques and temperaments, suited to do jobs like herd sheep or collect pheasants.
(2d) (i) It has a short beak. (ii) It has a bright and bulging eyes. (iii) It has bright red comb and wattles. (iv) It has a broad flexible pelvic bones. (v) It must have a Short clutch. (vi) There is absence of broodiness. =============================
(1aii) (i) It must have enough space for snails to graze freely. (ii) It should be able to protect snails against predators, poachers, and insect infestation. (iii) It must be easily accessible for carrying out management activities. (iv) It must be well ventilated and provided with adequate shade.
(1aiii) (i) toad (ii) rodents (iii) chipmunks
(1b) (i) ticks (ii) lice (iii) maggots
(1c) (i) Observe all the biosecurity measures so as to prevent disease outbreaks (ii) Take up-to-date records of every activity and inventory on the farm. (iii) Give appropriate vaccines and medicines to the animals (iv) Replace any damaged or expired production material with good ones. =============================
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